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20.00.092 Irongate neighborhood table of zoning regulations.
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IRONGATE NEIGHBORHOOD ZONING MAP

Areas 1 – 19

Area

Zoning

Use Qualifier

Density

Special Conditions

Prerequisite Considerations

Special Regulations

1

Industrial

Planned; light manufacturing and warehousing only. (Resos. 40‑83, 25-85, 18‑86, PC 87-12, 87-16)

N/A

Floodplain; floodway; shoreline; wetlands; clearing; buffer residential

Access should be developed through nonresidential areas.

None

2

Public

Government services*

N/A

Floodplain; floodway; shoreline; wetlands; clearing; storm detention facilities

N/A

*If Whatcom County purchases, leases, or trades land for Area 2 prior to July 1, 2004, then the land use and zoning designations shall remain public government services. If Whatcom County fails to purchase, lease, or trade land for Area 2 prior to July 1, 2004, or otherwise communicates its intent to not purchase, lease, or trade land for area two prior to that date, the land shall immediately revert to a land use and zoning designation of “industrial, planned, light manufacturing and warehousing only” to reflect the existing surrounding uses and zoning designation in Area 2.

3

Industrial

Planned; light manufacturing and warehousing only.

N/A

Floodplain; shorelines; wetlands; clearing; freeway buffer

Improvement of James St. northerly to Bakerview Rd.

See Irongate neighborhood plan text for Area 3.

4

Public

Open space/parks

N/A

Shoreline; floodplain; clearing

None

None

5

Industrial

Light*

N/A

Buffer and setback along western property line (see neighborhood plan); access shall be through industrial area.

Property need not abut a full standard street or sign an LID commitment for street improvements as a condition of obtaining a building permit; a 20-foot easement for sewer line shall be provided along the northern property line as a condition of obtaining a building permit.

* Permitted uses shall be limited to those uses permitted and accessory uses allowed in Whatcom County’s light industrial zone as of the date of annexation; those conditional uses allowed in Whatcom County’s light impact industrial zone as of the date of annexation may be considered through the planned development process (See Supplement to Irongate Neighborhood Zoning Table). Retail development not associated with industrial uses is prohibited in this area.

Recycling and refuse collection and processing center, subject to additional standards per BMC 20.16.020(K)(2).

6

Industrial

Light*

N/A

Protection of Baker Creek corridor; buffers separating industrial uses from adjacent residential areas.

Property need not abut a full standard street or sign an LID commitment for street improvements as a condition of obtaining a building permit; property owners shall deed to the city 60-foot right-of-way for the following streets: Irongate Midway Lane, Hammer Drive, Baker Creek Place, and Jill’s Court. The city shall accept this dedication and shall own, operate, maintain and improve these streets to all-weather standards at no cost to the property owners; city will process building permits allowing modified street improvement standards recommended by and approved for the area by the public works department. Building and parking setbacks shall be 10 feet for lots fronting on E. Bakerview Rd. as development or redevelopment occurs.

* Permitted uses shall be limited to those uses permitted and accessory uses allowed in Whatcom County’s light impact industrial zone as of the date of annexation (see Supplement to Irongate Neighborhood Zoning Table).

Those conditional uses allowed in Whatcom County’s light impact industrial zone as of the date of annexation may be considered through the planned development process.

Recycling and refuse collection and processing center, subject to additional standards per BMC 20.16.020(K)(2).

Retail development not associated with industrial uses is prohibited in this industrial area.

Lots that do not abut existing or proposed public streets identified in the neighborhood plan may be served by private roads if the access design is approved by the public works department.

7

Industrial

Heavy*

N/A

None

Property need not abut a full standard street or sign an LID commitment for street improvements as a condition of obtaining a building permit; Property owners shall deed to the city 60-foot right-of-way for the following streets: Irongate, Bakerview Spur, Midway Lane, Alpine Lane, Marsh Henifin St. The city shall accept this dedication and shall own, operate, maintain and improve these streets to all-weather standards at no cost to the property owners; city will process building permits allowing modified street improvement standards recommended by and approved for the area by the public works department. Building and parking setbacks shall be 10 feet for lots fronting on E. Bakerview Rd. and Hannegan Rd. as development or redevelopment occurs. Any new roads shall comply with the performance standards recommended for this area by the public works department.

*Permitted uses shall be limited to those uses permitted and accessory uses in Whatcom County’s general manufacturing zone (GM) as of the date of annexation (see supplement to Irongate Neighborhood Zoning Table).

Those conditional uses allowed in Whatcom County’s GM zone as of the date of annexation may be considered through the planned development process.

Recycling and refuse collection and processing center, subject to additional standards per BMC 20.16.020(K)(2).

Retail development not associated with industrial uses is prohibited in this industrial area.

Lots that do not abut existing or proposed public streets identified in the neighborhood plan may be served by private roads if the access design is approved by the public works department.

8

Commercial

Neighborhood*

N/A

None

Building and parking setbacks shall be 10 feet along East Bakerview Rd. and Hannegan Rd. as development or redevelopment occurs.

*Also allowed are all permitted and accessory uses allowed in Whatcom County’s general commercial zone as of the date of annexation (see supplement to Irongate Neighborhood Zoning Table). Those conditional uses allowed in the county’s GC zone as of the date of annexation may be considered through the planned development process.

9

Industrial

Planned*

N/A

Regulated stream – protection of Squalicum Creek; additional buffering may be required next to residential boundaries, especially for more intensive industrial uses; access management.

Dedication of 50 feet of trail right-of-way for the Bay to Baker Trail as development occurs – location to be approved by the parks department.

*1. Permitted uses shall be limited to those permitted and accessory uses in Whatcom County’s general manufacturing zone as of the date of annexation; those conditional uses allowed in Whatcom County’s general manufacturing zone as of the date of annexation may be considered through the planned development process (see Supplement to Irongate Neighborhood Zoning Table).

Recycling and refuse collection and processing center, subject to additional standards per BMC 20.16.020(K)(2).

2. Planned industrial building and parking setbacks shall be reduced along internal property lines and other locations where appropriate. Standard planned industrial setbacks should not be reduced adjacent to less intensive use zones (such as residential, commercial, public, etc.) and when necessary to protect environmentally sensitive areas. Building and parking setbacks shall be 10 feet for lots fronting on Hannegan Rd. and East Bakerview Rd. as development or redevelopment occurs.

3. Lots that do not abut existing or proposed public streets identified in the neighborhood plan may be served by private roads if it is determined, through the planned development review process, subdivision or binding site plan, that public roads are not necessary.

4. Retail development not associated with industrial uses is prohibited in this industrial area. Adult entertainment uses are prohibited adjacent residential areas, East Bakerview Rd. and Hannegan Rd.

10

Industrial

Planned*

N/A

Regulated stream – protection of Squalicum Creek; additional buffering may be required next to residential boundaries, especially for more intensive industrial uses; access management.

Extension of the city’s water and sanitary sewer system; buildings and parking setbacks shall be 10 feet for lots fronting on Hannegan Rd. and East Bakerview Rd. as development and redevelopment occurs. Lots that do not abut existing or proposed public streets identified in the neighborhood plan may be served by private roads if it is determined, through the planned development process, subdivision or binding site plan, that public roads are not necessary.

*Permitted uses shall be limited to those uses permitted and accessory uses in Whatcom County’s light impact industrial zone as of the date of annexation (see Supplement to Irongate Neighborhood Zoning Table). Those conditional uses allowed in Whatcom County’s light impact industrial zone as of the date of annexation may be considered through the planned development process.

Recycling and refuse collection and processing center, subject to additional standards per BMC 20.16.020(K)(2).

Planned industrial building and parking setbacks may be reduced along internal property lines and other locations where appropriate. Standard planned industrial setbacks should not be reduced adjacent to less intensive use zones (such as residential, commercial, public, etc.) and when necessary to protect environmentally sensitive areas.

Retail development not associated with industrial uses is prohibited in this industrial area. Adult entertainment uses are prohibited adjacent to residential areas, East Bakerview Rd. and Hannegan Rd.

11

Industrial

Planned*

N/A

Regulated stream – protection of Squalicum Creek; additional buffering may be required next to residential boundaries, especially for more intensive industrial uses; access management.

Significant improvements need to occur in the area north of Ross Rd. (unimproved) for an orderly expansion of the city’s water and sewer utilities.

*Permitted uses shall be limited to those uses permitted and accessory uses in Whatcom County’s general manufacturing zone as of the date of annexation (see Supplement to Irongate Neighborhood Zoning Table).

Those conditional uses allowed in Whatcom County’s GM zone as of the date of annexation may be considered through the planned development process.

Recycling and refuse collection and processing center, subject to additional standards per BMC 20.16.020(K)(2).

Planned industrial building and parking setbacks may be reduced along internal property lines and other locations where appropriate. Building and parking setbacks shall be 10 feet for lots fronting along Hannegan Rd. Standard planned industrial setbacks should not be reduced adjacent to less intensive use zones (such as residential, commercial, public etc.) and when necessary to protect any sensitive areas.

Lots that do not abut existing or proposed public streets identified in the neighborhood plan may be served by private roads if it is determined through the planned development review process that public roads are not necessary.

Retail development not associated with industrial uses is prohibited in this industrial area. Adult entertainment uses are prohibited adjacent to residential areas and Hannegan Rd.

12

Industrial

Planned*

N/A

Protection of Baker Creek.

None

*Permitted uses shall be limited to those uses permitted and accessory uses in Whatcom County’s general manufacturing zone (GM) as of the date of annexation (see Supplement to Irongate Neighborhood Zoning Table).

Those conditional uses allowed in Whatcom County’s GM zone as of the date of annexation may be considered through the planned development process.

Recycling and refuse collection and processing center, subject to additional standards per BMC 20.16.020(K)(2).

Planned industrial building and parking setbacks may be reduced along internal property lines and other locations where appropriate. Building and parking setbacks shall be 10 feet for lots fronting along Hannegan Rd. Standard planned industrial setbacks should not be reduced adjacent to less intensive use zones (such as residential, commercial, public, etc.) and when necessary to protect environmentally sensitive areas.

Lots that do not abut existing or proposed public streets identified in the neighborhood plan may be served by private roads if it is determined, through the planned development review process, subdivision or binding site plan, that public roads are not necessary.

Retail development not associated with industrial uses is prohibited in this industrial area. Adult entertainment uses are prohibited adjacent to residential areas and Hannegan Rd.

13

Industrial

Planned*

N/A

Protection of Baker Creek; additional buffering may be required next to residential boundaries, especially for more intensive industrial uses.

Extension of the city’s water and sewer systems.

*Permitted uses shall be limited to those uses permitted and accessory uses in Whatcom County’s general manufacturing zone (GM) as of the date of annexation (see Supplement to Irongate Neighborhood Zoning Table). Those conditional uses allowed in Whatcom County’s GM zone as of the date of annexation may be considered through the planned development process.

Recycling and refuse collection and processing center, subject to additional standards per BMC 20.16.020(K)(2).

Planned industrial building and parking setbacks may be reduced along internal property lines and other locations where appropriate. Building and parking setbacks shall be 10 feet for lots fronting along Hannegan Rd. Standard planned industrial setbacks should not be reduced adjacent to less intensive use zones (such as residential, commercial, public, etc.) and when necessary to protect environmentally sensitive areas.

Lots that do not abut existing or proposed public streets identified in the neighborhood plan may be served by private roads if it is determined, through the planned development review process, subdivision or binding site plan, that public roads are not necessary.

Retail development not associated with industrial uses is prohibited in this industrial area. Adult entertainment uses are prohibited adjacent to residential areas and Hannegan Rd.

14

Industrial

Planned*

N/A

Protection of Baker Creek; additional buffering may be required next to residential boundaries, especially for more intensive industrial uses.

Access from industrial roads.

*Permitted uses shall be limited to those uses permitted and accessory uses in Whatcom County’s general manufacturing zone (GM) as of the date of annexation (see Supplement to Irongate Neighborhood Zoning Table).

Those conditional uses allowed in Whatcom County’s GM zone as of the date of annexation may be considered through the planned development process.

Recycling and refuse collection and processing center, subject to additional standards per BMC 20.16.020(K)(2).

Planned industrial building and parking setbacks may be reduced along internal property lines and other locations where appropriate. Building and parking setbacks shall be 10 feet for lots fronting along Hannegan Rd. Standard planned industrial setbacks should not be reduced adjacent to less intensive use zones (such as residential, commercial, public, etc.) and when necessary to protect environmentally sensitive areas.

Lots that do not abut existing or proposed public streets identified in the neighborhood plan may be served by private roads if it is determined, through the planned development review process, subdivision or binding site plan, that public roads are not necessary.

Retail development not associated with industrial uses is prohibited in this industrial area. Adult entertainment uses are prohibited adjacent to residential areas and Hannegan Rd.

15

Public

Open space; trail (wetland mitigation and stormwater management only)

N/A

Floodplain; wetlands

None

None

16

Public

Open space (wetland mitigation and stormwater management only)

N/A

Floodplain; wetlands

None

None

17

Public

Open space

N/A

Floodplain; wetlands

None

None

18

Industrial

Light

N/A

Wetlands; shoreline; buffer

None

None

19

Industrial

Planned

N/A

Critical areas.

Provide public trails as indicated in the Bellingham Comprehensive Plan.

Shared access is encouraged.

High pressure natural gas/transmission pipelines.

Extension of the water/sewer mains.

As development occurs downstream utilities may need to be upgraded.

Dedication, extension, and improvements to E. Bakerview Road to arterial standards.

Retail sales are prohibited, except when associated with industrial uses on site.

Supplement to the Irongate Neighborhood Table of Zoning Regulations

Whatcom County Zoning Districts: General Manufacturing, Light Impact Industrial;

Heavy Impact Industrial, and General Commercial as of the date of annexation December 11, 1998

    User Note: References to any section of the Whatcom County Code (WCC) are subject to interpretation and adaptation to city of Bellingham regulations and procedures as determined by the city of Bellingham planning director.

20.67.050 Permitted uses.

Unless otherwise provided herein, permitted, accessory and conditional uses shall be administered pursuant to the applicable provisions of Chapter 20.80 WCC (Supplementary Requirements) and Chapter 20.84 WCC (Variances, Conditional Uses and Appeals), the Whatcom County SEPA Ordinance, the Whatcom County Subdivision Ordinance and the Whatcom County Shoreline Management Program.

.051 The manufacture and processing of food including meat, dairy, fruit, vegetable, seafood, bakery and beverage products.

.052 Fabrication of apparel including clothing, hats, caps, millinery, fur products; and miscellaneous fabricated textile products.

.053 Fabrication of furniture and fixtures including household, office and public building furniture; and partitions, shelving and lockers.

.054 Fabrication of paper products including paperboard containers, boxes, carrion boxes and paper containers.

.055 Printing and publishing newspapers, periodicals and books; commercial printing; book binding; and manufacture of manifold business forms and greeting cards.

.056 Fabrication of leather products including belting; packing; cut stock and findings for shoes and boots; shoes; footwear; gloves and mittens; luggage; personal leather goods and handbags.

.057 Fabrication of stone, clay and glass products including glassware; glass products from prepared materials; pottery and related products; stone cutting; monuments; and manufacture of fiberglass products.

.058 The manufacture of transportation equipment including boat building; and bicycle and motorcycles, and related parts.

.059 Processing and packaging of drugs, pharmaceuticals, perfumes and cosmetics.

.060 Fabrication of electrical equipment including radio and television sets; communications equipment; electronic components and accessories; and electric lighting equipment and lamps.

.061 Fabrication of instruments, photographic goods, optical goods, watches and clocks, and including engineering, scientific, surgical, medical, dental and ophthalmic products.

.062 Manufacture and fabrication of jewelry, silverware, plated ware, musical instruments and parts, toys, sporting and athletic goods; pens, pencils and other office and artistic supplies; novelties, buttons and notions; and miscellaneous manufacture.

.063 Rail, truck and freight terminals, warehousing and storage; parcel delivery service, freight forwarding; inspection and weighing service; and packing and crating.

.064 Manufacture of office, computing and accounting machines.

.065 Retail automobile wrecking yards where determined by the zoning administrator to be adequately screened from adjacent properties and streets.

.066 Construction contractors including general building, heavy construction and special trade.

.067 Wholesale trade of durable and nondurable goods including automotive parts and supplies; tire and tubes; furniture and home furnishings; lumber and other construction materials; sporting goods, toys and hobby goods; metal service centers and offices; electrical goods; hardware, plumbing and heating equipment; machinery, equipment and supplies; jewelry, watches and precious stones; other durable goods; paper and paper products; drugs, proprietaries and sundries; apparel, piece goods and notions; groceries and related products; beer, wine and distilled beverages; and miscellaneous nondurable goods; automotive wrecking scraps; bag reclaiming; waste bottles; waste boxes; fur cuttings and scraps; iron and steel scrap; general line of junk scrap; nonferrous metals scrap; rags; and waste paper.

.068 Retail sales of lumber and other building materials.

.069 The fabrication of metal products including metal cans, hardware, hand tools, cutlery, heating apparatus, plumbing fixtures, structural metals, screws and bolts, and stamping.

.070 The manufacture of machinery including engines; turbines, farm machinery and equipment; construction, mining and materials handling equipment; machine tools and dies; and special and general industrial equipment.

.071 The manufacture of electrical machinery including transmission and distribution equipment, and industrial apparatus.

.072 Manufacture of millwork and structural wood members; wood containers; wood buildings and mobile homes; resawed cants and lumbers; dressed ceiling lumber; lath; snow fence lath; cut stock; dressed lumber flooring and dressed lumber siding; and sawmill activities including sawmills; and independent planning mills.

.073 Public uses and community facilities including police and fire stations, libraries, community centers, recreation facilities and other similar noncommercial uses.

.074 Other uses similar in nature to the uses listed above which are consistent with the purpose and the intent of the district, have similar effects on surrounding land uses, and can meet the performance standards for this district.

.075 Eating establishments, convenience grocery stores, vehicle washes and facilities, and gas stations operating primarily for the convenience of employees, clients and customers of the district; providing the following criteria are met:

(1) Maximum floor area is 3,500 square feet per use;

(2) No more than two pump islands for each gas station;

(3) Centrally located within the district to primarily serve the uses of this district and not to primarily serve the uses in adjacent residential, rural, or commercial zone districts. (Ord. 95-009, 1995; Ord. 91-075, 1991; Ord. 88-13, 1988; Ord. 87-12, 1987; Ord. 87-11, 1987).

20.67.100 Accessory uses.

.101 Employee recreation facilities and play areas.

.102 Temporary buildings for construction purposes for a period not to exceed the duration of such construction.

.103 Testing and experimentation in connection with a principally permitted use.

.104 Other accessory uses and buildings, including security services, customarily appurtenant to a principally permitted use.

.105 On-site treatment and storage facilities for hazardous wastes associated with outright permitted uses or approved conditional uses subject to the most current siting criteria under Chapter 173-303 WAC. (Ord. 95-009, 1995; Ord. 89-10, 1989; Ord. 87-12, 1987; Ord. 87-11, 1987).

20.67.150 Conditional uses.

.151 University sponsored vocational, educational and scientific research facilities and related activities.

.152 Solid waste disposal facilities and sites of a permanent nature including, but not limited to, landfills, incinerators, and transfer stations, excluding sewage sludge permitted by the Whatcom County department of public health in accordance with WAC 173-304-300; provided that the hearing examiner determines that the proposed facility or site meets the following conditions:

(1) The facility or site will not be located within any area identified in an adopted critical areas ordinance or 100-year floodplain unless outside of the floodplain and at least three feet in elevation higher than the floodway elevation;

(2) Filling or excavation, structures, or non-mobile machinery for all facilities except inert, demolition, and wood waste landfills will not be located within 1,000 feet of any zone district other than Agriculture or Industrial Zoning Districts, nor any public park, recreation area, wildlife refuge, archaeological and historic areas, shoreline under the jurisdiction of the Shoreline Management Program, unless temporary and of less than 12 months duration; structures used for offices, storage areas for equipment, and weigh scales may be located within 1,000 feet, but no closer than 100 feet or the district setbacks, whichever is greater, if impacts on the adjoining use are shown to be in keeping with the existing and permitted uses in the area;

(3) Inert, demolition, and wood waste landfills will not have any filling or excavation areas, structures, or machinery located within 500 feet of any zone district other than Agriculture or Industrial Zoning Districts, nor any public park, recreation area, wildlife refuge, archaeological and historic areas, shoreline under the jurisdiction of the Shoreline Management Program, unless temporary and of less than 12 months duration; structures used for offices, storage areas for equipment, and weigh scales may be located within 1,000 feet, but no closer than 100 feet or the district setbacks, whichever is greater, if impacts on the adjoining use are shown to be in keeping with the existing and permitted uses in the area;

(4) The facility or site will not result in filling or excavation, location of structures or buildings, driveways or machinery use except for vegetation maintenance within 100 feet of any property line and except for driveways within 150 feet of any county or state road right-of-way;

(5) The facility or site will have vehicular approaches designed to minimize conflict between automobile and truck traffic, will maintain the carrying capacity of county roads, and will be located on a road classified as all weather, except where use is shown to be intermittent and easily delayed until emergency conditions have passed;

(6) The facility or site has complied with the provisions of WCC 20.84.200 and all other ordinances and laws regulating solid waste facilities and sites, such as but not limited to WCC Title 24, the Whatcom County SEPA Ordinance, as well as state and federal regulations concerning solid waste facilities and sites; and

(7) All landfills have a final closure plan meeting the requirements of WCC Title 24 and of Chapter 173-304 WAC, and the closure plan includes:

(a) Reclamation in two to 10 acre increments, as appropriately responsive to the size and intensity of the particular activity, with seeding to be accomplished annually but no later than September 30th; and

(b) Permanent vegetative cover that will maintain in healthy growing condition with the level of maintenance that is covered through the financial assurance for post-closure activities.

(8) The buffer areas and visual screening shall include a minimum of 50 feet wide of landscaping meeting the requirements of WCC 20.80.300 Landscaping;

.153 Transitory solid waste facilities for treatment, storage, or collection including, but not limited to: recycle centers and drop boxes for household materials excluding large items such as automobiles or major appliances; noncommercial composting and mulching facilities; and including but not limited to the type of facilities operated by neighborhood or public service organizations. (Ord. 91-013, 1991; Ord. 88-76, 1988; Ord. 88-52, 1988).

WHATCOM COUNTY LIGHT IMPACT INDUSTRIAL ZONE (LII)

20.66.050 Permitted uses.

Unless otherwise provided herein, permitted and accessory uses shall be administered pursuant to the applicable provisions of Chapter 20.80 WCC (Supplementary Requirements), Chapter 20.84 WCC (Variances, Conditional Uses and Appeals) and Chapter 20.86 WCC (Procedures for Light and Heavy Impact Industrial District Applications), the Whatcom County SEPA Ordinance, the Whatcom County Subdivision Ordinance and the Whatcom County Shoreline Management Program.

.051 The manufacturing and processing of food of a nature that meets the purpose and performance standards of this district excluding primary processing of meat and fish products.

.052 Fabrication of office, computing and accounting machine.

.053 Manufacture of miscellaneous textile goods and fabrication of apparel including clothing, hats, caps, millinery fur products; and miscellaneous fabricated textile products.

.054 Fabrication of furniture and fixtures including household, office and public building furniture; and partitions, shelving and lockers.

.055 Fabrication of paper products including paperboard containers, boxes, carrion boxes and paper containers.

.056 Printing and publishing newspapers, periodicals and books; commercial printing; book binding; and manufacture of manifold business forms and greeting cards.

.057 Fabrication of leather products including belting; packing; cut stock and findings for shoes and boots; shoes; footwear; gloves and mittens; luggage; personal leather goods and handbags.

.058 Fabrication of glass products including glass products from prepared materials; stone cutting; and monuments.

.059 Processing and packaging of drug, pharmaceuticals, perfumes and cosmetics.

.060 Fabrication of electrical equipment including industrial apparatus and household appliances, radio and television sets; communications equipment; electrical components and accessories; and electric lighting equipment and lamps.

.061 Fabrication of instruments, photographic goods, optical goods, watches and clocks, and including engineering, scientific, surgical, medical, dental and ophthalmic products.

.062 Manufacture and fabrication of jewelry, silverware, plated ware, musical instruments and parts, toys, sporting and athletic goods; pens, pencils and other office and artistic supplies; novelties, buttons and notions; and miscellaneous manufacture.

.063 Rail, truck and freight terminals; warehousing and storage; parcel delivery service; freight forwarding; inspection weighing services; and packaging and crating.

.064 Boat building and repair.

.065 Communications including telephone exchanges, and radio and television broadcasting stations and transmitting towers.

.066 Business firm headquarters and professional offices.

.067 Construction contractors’ business offices and storage and equipment yards.

.068 Wholesale trade or storage of durable and nondurable goods including automobile parts and supplies; tires and tubes; furniture and home furnishings; lumber and other construction materials; sporting goods, toys and hobby goods; metal service centers and offices; electrical goods; hardware, plumbing and heating equipment; machinery equipment and supplies; jewelry, watches and precious stones; other durable goods; paper and paper products; drugs, proprietaries and sundries; apparel, piece goods and notions; groceries and related products; beer, wine and distilled beverages; waste bottles; waste boxes; rags; waste paper; wiping rags and miscellaneous nondurable goods; provided, however, that trade, storage or processing of sulphur shall be prohibited.

.069 Building material yards, if screened by a fence and/or vegetation as specified in WCC 20.80.355; provided that screening shall not be required between two contiguous yards where the operator of each yard agrees that such screening is unnecessary.

.070 Eating establishments, convenience grocery stores, cafes and gas stations operating primarily for the convenience of employees, clients and customers of the district; providing the following criteria are met:

(1) Maximum floor area is 3,000 square feet per use;

(2) No more than two pump islands for each gas station;

(3) Centrally located within the district to primarily serve the industrial uses of this district and not to primarily serve adjacent nonindustrial uses.

.071 Manufacture, processing, treatment or fabrication of metal products and machinery; provided that smelters and remelting mills, and the manufacturing of turbines, oil machinery, mining machinery, industrial process ovens, paper, and textile or rolling mill machinery shall be prohibited.

.072 Manufacture, processing, treatment and fabrication of lumber, millwork, mobile homes, travel trailers, campers, miscellaneous wood products and other buildings, roofing and construction materials; provided that all odor and noise producing processes shall be conducted within an enclosed structure equipped with such scrubbing, filtering equipment or noise reduction equipment as is necessary to mitigate the odor and/or noise produced.

.073 Fabrication of rubber products from finished rubber only and manufacture of miscellaneous plastic products from purchased resins only.

.074 Manufacture of glass, glass products, pottery and related products, and cutting and shaping of stone products.

.075 Bottling plants.

.076 Churches.

.077 Public uses and community facilities including police and fire stations, libraries, community centers, recreation facilities and other similar noncommercial uses.

.078 Other uses similar in nature to the uses listed above which are consistent with the purpose and intent of the district, have similar effects on surrounding land uses, and can meet the performance standards for this district. (Ord. 96-056 Att. A § P1, 1996; Ord. 94-056, 1994; Ord. 91-075, 1991; Ord. 89-117, 1989; Ord. 88-13, 1988; Ord. 87-12, 1987; Ord. 87-11, 1987; Ord. 86-56, 1986; Ord. 84-38, 1984).

20.66.100 Accessory uses.

.101 Employee recreation facilities and play areas.

.102 Temporary buildings for construction purposes for a period not to exceed the duration of such construction.

.103 Testing and experimentation in connection with a principally permitted use.

.104 Other accessory uses and buildings, including security and caretaker residences, customarily appurtenant to a principally permitted use.

.105 Retail sales of merchandise manufactured, assembled or stored on the site and consistent with the definition of accessory uses as defined in Chapter 20.97 WCC (Definitions).

.106 On-site treatment and storage facilities for hazardous wastes associated with outright permitted uses or approved conditional uses subject to the most current siting criteria under Chapter 173-303 WAC. (Ord. 89-10, 1989; Ord. 87-12, 1987; Ord. 87-11, 1987; Ord. 84-38, 1984).

20.66.150 Conditional uses.

.151 Manufacture of hydraulic cement; concrete gypsum and plaster products; and abrasive asbestos and miscellaneous nonmetallic mineral products.

.152 Manufacture of sands.

.153 Repair, service and accessory sales for motor vehicles, boats and farm implements provided:

(1) The use or uses are not expected to generate significantly more traffic than that which would ordinarily be expected by an industrial use of comparable intensity; and

(2) It can be established that sufficient undeveloped, usable property zoned LII is available for the outright permitted uses within the planning subarea for the projected life of the plan as determined by the planning department. Applicant will be responsible for furnishing necessary information.

.154 Solid waste disposal facilities and sites of a permanent nature including, but not limited to, landfills, incinerators, and transfer stations, excluding sewage sludge permitted by the Whatcom County department of public health in accordance with WAC 173-304-300; provided that the hearing examiner determines that the proposed facility or site meets the following conditions:

(1) The facility or site will not be located within any area identified in an adopted critical areas ordinance or 100-year floodplain unless outside of the floodplain and at least three feet in elevation higher than the floodway elevation;

(2) Filling or excavation, structures, or nonmobile machinery for all facilities except inert, demolition, and wood waste landfills will not be located within 1,000 feet of any zone district other than Agriculture or Industrial Zoning Districts, nor any public park, recreation area, wildlife refuge, archaeological and historic areas, shoreline under the jurisdiction of the Shoreline Management Program, unless temporary and of less than 12 months duration; structures used for offices, storage areas for equipment, and weigh scales may be located within 1,000 feet, but no closer than 100 feet or the district setbacks, whichever is greater, if impacts on the adjoining use are shown to be in keeping with the existing and permitted uses in the area;

(3) Inert, demolition, and wood waste landfills will not have any filling or excavation areas, structures, or machinery located within 500 feet of any zone district other than Agriculture or Industrial Zoning Districts, nor any public park, recreation area, wildlife refuge, archaeological and historic areas, shoreline under the jurisdiction of the Shoreline Management Program, unless temporary and of less than 12 months duration; structures used for offices, storage areas for equipment, and weigh scales may be located within 1,000 feet, but no closer than 100 feet or the district setbacks, whichever is greater, if impacts on the adjoining use are shown to be in keeping with the existing and permitted uses in the area;

(4) The facility or site will not result in filling or excavation, location of structures or buildings, driveways or machinery use except for vegetation maintenance within 100 feet of any property line and except for driveways within 150 feet of any county or state road right-of-way;

(5) The facility or site will have vehicular approaches designed to minimize conflict between automobile and truck traffic, will maintain the carrying capacity of county roads, and will be located on a road classified as all weather, except where use is shown to be intermittent and easily delayed until emergency conditions have passed;

(6) The facility or site has complied with the provisions of WCC 20.84.200 and all other ordinances and laws regulating solid waste facilities and sites, such as but not limited to WCC Title 24, the Whatcom County SEPA Ordinance, as well as state and federal regulations concerning solid waste facilities and sites; and

(7) All landfills have a final closure plan meeting the requirements of WCC Title 24 and of Chapter 173-304 WAC, and the closure plan includes:

(a) Reclamation in two to 10 acre increments, as appropriately responsive to the size and intensity of the particular activity, with seeding to be accomplished annually but no later than September 30th; and

(b) Permanent vegetative cover that will maintain in healthy growing condition with the level of maintenance that is covered through the financial assurance for post-closure activities.

(8) The buffer areas and visual screening shall include a minimum of 50 feet wide of landscaping meeting the requirements of WCC 20.80.300 (Landscaping);

.155 Transitory solid waste facilities for treatment, storage, or collection, including, but not limited to: recycle centers and drop boxes for household materials excluding large items such as automobiles or major appliances; noncommercial composting and mulching facilities; and including but not limited to the type of facilities operated by neighborhood or public service organizations.

.156 Golf courses and commercial recreation facilities related to golf courses. (Ord. 94-056, 1994; Ord. 91-013, 1991; Ord. 90-11, 1990; Ord. 88-76, 1988; Ord. 87-12, 1987; Ord. 87-11, 1987; Ord. 84-38, 1984).

WHATCOM COUNTY HEAVY IMPACT INDUSTRIAL (HII)

20.68.050 Permitted uses.

Unless otherwise provided herein, permitted and accessory uses shall be administered pursuant to the applicable provisions of Chapter 20.80 WCC (Supplementary Requirements) and Chapter 20.84 WCC (Variances, Conditional Uses and Appeals), the Whatcom County SEPA Ordinance, the Whatcom County Subdivision Ordinance and the Whatcom County Shoreline Management Program. The purpose of the SIC numbers listed within this chapter is to adopt by reference other activities similar in nature to the use identified herein. (Policies of the subarea comprehensive plan may preclude certain permitted uses to occur in particular subareas. Please refer to the policies of the applicable subarea plan to determine the appropriateness of a land use activity listed below.)

.051 The manufacture and processing of food including meat, dairy, fruits, vegetables, seafood, grain mill, large scale bakery, sugar and beverage products.

.052 Manufacturing and processing of textiles including weaving cotton, synthetic, silk or wool fabrics; knitting yarn and thread mills; textile bleaching, dyeing and printing; and carpet manufacture.

.053 The manufacture and processing of lumber and wood including sawmills; planing mills; millwork; veneer, plywood and prefabricated wood products; wooden containers and cooperage.

.054 The following are permitted uses except as otherwise prohibited:

(1) The manufacture and process of paper including pulp, paper and paperboard mills; and building paper and board mill products.

(2) The manufacture and processing of chemicals and allied products including industrial inorganic and organic chemicals; synthetic resins, rubber, fibers and plastic materials; soap, detergents and cleaning preparations; paint, linseed oil, shellac, lacquer and allied products; chemicals from gum and wood; and agricultural chemicals.

(3) Refining and storage of petroleum and asphalt.

(4) The manufacture and processing of rubber and plastic products.

(5) Leather tanning and finishing.

(6) The manufacture and processing of cement and glass; and concrete, gypsum, plaster, abrasive, asbestos and nonmetallic mineral products.

(7) Primary metal industries including blast furnaces and steel works; mills for primary smelting, secondary smelting, refining, reducing, finishing, rolling, drawing, extruding, and casting of ferrous and nonferrous metals; and the manufacture of miscellaneous metal products.

.055 The fabrication of metal products including metal cans, hardware, hand tools, cutlery, heating apparatus, plumbing fixtures, structural metal and stamping.

.056 The manufacture of machinery including engines; turbines; farm machinery and equipment; construction, mining and materials handling equipment; machine tools and dies; and special and general industrial equipment.

.057 The manufacture of electrical machinery including transmission and distribution equipment, and industrial apparatus.

.058 The manufacture of transportation equipment including automobiles, trucks, buses, airplanes, boat building and repair, railroad equipment, bicycles and motorcycles.

.059 Bulk commodity storage facilities, and truck, rail, vessel and pipeline transshipment terminals and facilities.

.060 Stationary thermal power plants with generating capacity of less than 250,000 kilowatts, floating thermal power plants with generating capacity of less than 50,000 kilowatts, and other power plants utilizing renewable resources from solar, wind or water sources.

.061 Heavy construction contractors.

.062 Public uses and community facilities including police and fire stations, libraries, community centers, recreation facilities and other similar noncommercial uses. (Ord. 91-075, 1991; Ord. 88-13, 1988; Ord. 87-12, 1987; Ord. 87-11, 1987; Ord. 84-38, 1984).

20.68.100 Accessory uses.

.101 Employee recreation facilities and play areas.

.102 Restaurants, cafes and cafeterias operated primarily for the convenience of employees, clients and customers of the district.

.103 Temporary buildings for construction purposes for a period not to exceed the duration of such construction.

.104 When auxiliary to a principally permitted use: electric utility facilities; substations; generating plants, if less than 50 megawatt (MW) net plant capability; gas works; sewage disposal facilities; solid waste landfills and incinerators.

.105 Other accessory uses and buildings, including security services, customarily appurtenant to a principally permitted use.

.106 On-site treatment and storage facilities for hazardous wastes associated with outright permitted uses or approved conditional uses subject to the most current siting criteria under Chapter 173-303 WAC. (Ord. 89-10, 1989; Ord. 87-12, 1987; Ord. 87-11, 1987).

20.68.150 Conditional uses.

.151 Solid waste disposal facilities and sites of a permanent nature including, but not limited to, landfills, incinerators, and transfer stations, excluding sewage sludge permitted by the Whatcom County department of public health in accordance with WAC 173-304-300; provided that the hearing examiner determines that the proposed facility or site meets the following conditions;

(1) The facility or site will not be located within any area identified in an adopted critical areas ordinance or 100-year floodplain unless outside of the floodplain and at least three feet in elevation higher than the floodway elevation;

(2) Filling or excavation, structures, or non-mobile machinery for all facilities except inert, demolition, and wood waste landfills will not be located within 1,000 feet of any zone district other than Agriculture or Industrial Zoning Districts, nor any public park, recreation area, wildlife refuge, archaeological and historic areas, shoreline under the jurisdiction of the Shoreline Management Program, unless temporary and of less than 12 months duration; structures used for offices, storage areas for equipment, and weigh scales may be located within 1,000 feet, but no closer than 100 feet or the district setbacks, whichever is greater, if impacts on the adjoining use are shown to be in keeping with the existing and permitted uses in the area;

(3) Inert, demolition, and wood waste landfills will not have any filling or excavation areas, structures, or machinery located within 500 feet of any zone district other than Agriculture or Industrial Zoning Districts, nor any public park, recreation area, wildlife refuge, archaeological and historic areas, shoreline under the jurisdiction of the Shoreline Management Program, unless temporary and of less than 12 months duration; structures used for offices, storage areas for equipment, and weigh scales may be located within 1,000 feet, but no closer than 100 feet or the district setbacks, whichever is greater, if impacts on the adjoining use are shown to be in keeping with the existing and permitted uses in the area;

(4) The facility or site will not result in filling or excavation, location of structures or buildings, driveways or machinery use except for vegetation maintenance within 100 feet of any property line and except for driveways within 150 feet of any county or state road right-of-way;

(5) The facility or site will have vehicular approaches designed to minimize conflict between automobile and truck traffic, will maintain the carrying capacity of county roads, and will be located on a road classified as all weather, except where use is shown to be intermittent and easily delayed until emergency conditions have passed;

(6) The facility or site has complied with the provisions of WCC 20.84.200 and all other ordinances and laws regulating solid waste facilities and sites, such as but not limited to WCC Title 24, the Whatcom County SEPA Ordinance, as well as state and federal regulations concerning solid waste facilities and sites;

(7) All landfills have a final closure plan meeting the requirements of WCC Title 24 and of Chapter 173-304 WAC, and the closure plan includes:

(a) Reclamation in two to 10 acre increments, as appropriately responsive to the size and intensity of the particular activity, with seeding to be accomplished annually but no later than September 30th; and

(b) Permanent vegetative cover that will maintain in healthy growing condition with the level of maintenance that is covered through the financial assurance for post-closure activities.

(8) The buffer areas and visual screening shall include a minimum of 50 feet wide of landscaping meeting the requirements of WCC 20.80.300 (Landscaping);

.152 Uses allowed in the Light Impact Industrial zone as permitted uses, WCC 20.66.100, subject to the following:

(1) A finding by the hearing examiner that allowing the use will not limit the supply of land available to meet the demand for future heavy industrial uses.

(2) Filing of a deed restriction acknowledging that heavy industrial uses are the preferred uses in the zone and agreeing not to protest proposed heavy industrial uses allowed in the zone in accordance with Chapter 20.68 WCC, and to refrain from legal action against any heavy industrial use in compliance with the regulations of WCC Title 20 and any conditions of approval which might have been proposed.

.153 Transitory solid waste facilities for treatment, storage, or collection including, but not limited to: recycle centers and drop boxes for household materials excluding large items such as automobiles or major appliances; noncommercial composting and mulching facilities; and including but not limited to the type of facilities operated by neighborhood or public service organizations.

.154 Treatment and storage facilities for hazardous wastes subject to the following:

(1) The eight criteria for a conditional use listed under WCC 20.84.200.

(2) The most current state siting criteria under Chapter 173-303 WAC.

(3) It shall be the responsibility of the applicant to document to the satisfaction of the approving body the anticipated sources, types, volumes and final disposition of hazardous wastes to be collected and the type of treatments associated with those wastes. The permit shall be limited exclusively to those types of wastes and treatments as documented and approved.

(4) Total off-site facility capacity shall be limited to that needed to treat and store wastes generated within Whatcom County by generators requiring off-site management of hazardous wastes; provided, however, waste streams may be sourced from other jurisdictions through interagency zone designation agreements as approved by the county council, not to exceed 10 percent of the total local hazardous waste stream.

(5) Prior to occupancy of the facility, the State Department of Ecology shall certify to the county that the facility has been constructed consistent with state requirements.

(6) As a condition of approval, the applicant shall be required to keep and maintain accurate and current records of the types, amounts, sources, and final disposition of hazardous wastes collected. The applicant shall provide such records annually to the county, or sooner upon county request. If the facility is found to be exceeding the waste stream limitations or permit restrictions, the county staff shall so report to the approving body who shall have the authority to revoke the permit, following a public hearing, if the limitation has been exceeded absent an emergency situation. Any emergency must be documented by county staff.

(7) Annual inspections of the facility shall be a minimum requirement. The applicant shall be required to forward copies of all facility inspection reports to the county. If deficiencies are found, the operator shall, within 15 days, submit to the county for approval an implementation schedule of corrective measures. Such schedule shall include specific completion dates and inspection reporting procedures.

If the state does not inspect the facility within the year, the applicant shall be required to arrange and bear all costs for an inspection by a qualified and independent inspection agency satisfactory to the county.

(8) Should the facility be found to consistently operate in a manner unsatisfactory to the county in regard to the public health and safety, the permit may be revoked by the approving body following a public hearing. (Ord. 91-075, 1991; Ord. 91-013, 1991; Ord. 88-76, 1988).

20.68.200 Prohibited uses.

.201 All other uses.

.202 In the urban fringe subarea the following uses are prohibited: petroleum refinery and the manufacturing of products thereof, manufacturing and processing of rubber, plastics, chemical, paper, asbestos and products derived thereof; and primary metal industries. (Ord. 91-075, 1991).

WHATCOM COUNTY GENERAL COMMERCIAL ZONE (GC)

20.62.050 Permitted uses.

Unless otherwise provided herein, permitted and conditional uses shall be administered pursuant to the applicable provisions of Chapter 20.80 WCC (Supplementary Requirements) and Chapter 20.84 WCC (Variances, Conditional Uses and Appeals), the Whatcom County SEPA Ordinance, the Whatcom County Subdivision Ordinance and the Whatcom County Shoreline Management Program.

.051 Automobile, motorcycle, marine and farm implement sales, repair and service; provided that all repair services are conducted within an enclosed building.

.052 Automobile service stations, car washes and public garages.

.053 Mobile home and recreational vehicle sales.

.054 Eating and drinking establishments.

.055 Rental agencies.

.056 Indoor commercial recreation facilities limited to bowling alleys, skating rinks, indoor theaters and physical fitness centers.

.057 Passenger terminal facilities.

.058 Service establishment including but not limited to barber and beauty shops, laundries, dry cleaners, furniture repair, frozen food lockers, funeral parlors, animal hospitals, auction houses, financial institutions, fraternal organizations and professional offices.

.059 Retail establishments including but not limited to grocery, liquor, drug, sundries, variety, building supplies, clothing, florist, nurseries, optical, sporting goods, appliance, music and pet stores.

.060 Printing and publishing establishments.

.061 Public utilities.

.062 Rental storage establishments.

.063 Public and community facilities including police and fire stations, libraries, community centers, recreation facilities, and other similar noncommercial uses.

.064 Hotels and motels.

.065 One single-family dwelling per lot of record subject to:

(1) Health department requirements regarding soil type and water supply.

(2) Height regulations, lot coverage, open space, development standards and performance standards shall be in accordance with the provisions of Chapter 20.20 WCC; except that side and rear yard setbacks

shall be 10 feet from vacant, adjacent, commercially zoned properties.

(3) A deed restriction recorded with the Whatcom County auditor is attached to the lot(s) at the time of building permit issuance stating that the dwelling(s) is located in a General Commercial zone and buyers should be aware that commercial uses will be allowed on surrounding parcels and owners have no grounds for protest.

.066 Duplexes and multifamily dwellings not to exceed 18 units per acre subject to:

(1) Availability of adequate public sewer, or water, and appropriate storm drainage;

(2) The maximum number of units shall be determined by the health department based on soil type and water supply;

(3) Provision of adequate right-of-way and street improvements to bring adjacent roadways up to necessary standards;

(4) Height regulations, lot coverage, open space, development standards and performance standards shall be in accordance with the provisions of Chapter 20.22 WCC;

(5) Site plan review shall be done by the technical review committee to ensure compliance with the intent of the general development standards in WCC 20.62.650. Four or less units per acre are exempt from this requirement.

(6) A deed restriction recorded with the Whatcom County auditor is attached to the lot(s) at the time of building permit issuance stating that the dwelling(s) is located in a General Commercial zone and buyers should be aware that commercial uses will be allowed on surrounding parcels and owners have no grounds for protest. (Ord. 96-056 Att. A § M1, 1996; Ord. 94-017, 1994; Ord. 88-53, 1988; Ord. 88-28, 1988; Ord. 88-13, 1988; Ord. 87-12, 1987; Ord. 87-11, 1987).

20.62.100 Accessory uses.

.101 One residential unit for owner-manager or caretaker when part of a building in which the primary use is located.

.102 Uses incidental to the primary permitted uses.

.103 On-site treatment and storage facilities for hazardous wastes associated with outright permitted uses or approved conditional uses subject to the most current siting criteria under Chapter 173-303 WAC. (Ord. 89-10, 1989; Ord. 88-29, 1988).

20.62.150 Conditional uses.

.151 Commercial wholesaling.

.152 Churches and cemeteries.

.153 Amusement parks, outdoor theaters and other outdoor commercial recreation, including golf courses.

.154 Recreational vehicle parks for transient motor homes and tourist trailers.

.155 Animal kennels.

.156 Commercial truck service facilities including truck fueling, repair and storage operations, overnight accommodations and restaurants.

.157 Residences on premises in a commercial structure where any business is conducted other than taverns, restaurants and recreational facilities provided:

(1) All height limits and setback requirements can be met.

(2) The overall residential density does not exceed 12 units per acre. (Ord. 96-056 Att. A § M2, 1996; Ord. 90-41, 1990; Ord. 88-29, 1988; Ord. 82-58, 1982).

[Ord. 2019-09-029 § 1 (Exh. A); Ord. 2015-11-044 §§ 10 (Exh. H), 11 (Exh. I); Ord. 2010-12-068].

(Ord. 2019-09-029 § 1 (Exh. A), 2019; Ord. 2015-11-044 §§ 10 (Exh. H), 11 (Exh. I), 2015; Ord. 2010-12-068 , 2010.)
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