A. Applicability. The regulations of this section shall apply to the development of any principal and/or accessory use within any area in the fountain district urban village except that development in residential transition areas shall comply with Chapter 20.28 BMC, Infill Housing, or Chapter 20.30 BMC, Residential Single Development.
B. All parking standards in Chapter 20.12 BMC concerning applicability, general provisions, design provisions and improvement standards shall apply except as provided herein.
C. Uses shall provide parking as follows:
1. Residential. Minimum of one parking space per studio, one-bedroom or two-bedroom dwelling unit. An additional 0.5 parking space per unit shall be provided for each bedroom over two per unit.
a. Core. Minimum one space per 500 square feet of gross floor area.
b. Transition. Minimum one space per 350 square feet of gross floor area.
3. If a use is not readily classified within the residential and commercial classifications, then the director shall determine which standards shall be applied.
4. The director may exempt existing buildings listed on the local, state or national register of historic places from required parking for a one-time floor area expansion; provided, that (a) the floor area expansion is limited to an area equal to 10 percent of the area of the existing building and (b) existing conforming parking on site shall not be displaced except as otherwise may be allowed. If the listed historic building provides 10 percent or less of the on-site parking that would be required for an equivalent new building, the director may allow displacement of some or all of the on-site parking.
D. Shared Parking.
1. Intent. To efficiently utilize parking resources where the potential for shared parking provisions with adjacent land uses has been analyzed and found to be appropriate.
2. The amount of off-street parking required by this article may be reduced by an amount determined by the director when shared parking facilities for two or more uses are proposed; provided, that the requirements stated in BMC 20.12.010(A)(6) are met.
E. Land Dedicated for Parking.
1. Intent. Facilitate the retrofit of existing perpendicular parking straddling public and private property on nonarterial streets to improve pedestrian safety. By placing the public sidewalk at the head of the parking area, public parking inventory can be increased in the general vicinity. Costs of improvements shall be carried by the abutting property owner. (See Figure 20.37.250.)
2. Standard. Land that is dedicated by easement or real property for purposes of providing public parking may be allowed with the approval of the planning and public works directors as follows:
a. Limited to nonarterial rights-of-way.
b. Each public parking space created may count as two on-site parking stalls.
c. The floor area ratio for the site shall be calculated on a prededication basis.
d. The design and construction is subject to approval by the planning and public works directors, including abutting sidewalks and landscaping.
F. Parking for Change of Use or Additions. The director shall have the authority to waive parking requirements for subsections (C)(2)(a) and (b) of this section when there is no existing space available on site to provide additional parking, no parking can reasonably be provided within 500 feet of the generator, and the surrounding streets will not be adversely affected due to the existence of ample on-street parking.
G. Parking Reduction Allowed. The director may administratively reduce parking up to an additional 30 percent for uses that are inherently less auto dependent, and for mitigation provided in lieu of the parking reduction. Mitigation may be accomplished through adoption of a program, fee-in-lieu, and installation of infrastructure that promotes use of alternative transportation and less auto dependence. Such uses, programs or infrastructure improvements may include, but are not limited to: senior and affordable housing, implementation of a shared car service (i.e., Zipcar™), enhanced bike storage facilities, purchase of WTA transit passes through the urban village trip reduction credits (BMC 19.06.040(E) – Table 19.06.040(B)), installation of covered transit shelters where approved by the Whatcom Transportation Authority and public works department, and off-site pedestrian infrastructure improvements. The applicant must demonstrate, to the satisfaction of the director, how the proposed mitigation will be adequate and proportionate to the requested parking reduction. Parking reductions authorized by this subsection cannot be combined with those allowed in BMC 20.12.010(A)(5).
H. Bike Parking. All new commercial and multifamily development shall provide bicycle parking spaces equivalent to 15 percent of the total required automobile parking, calculated prior to any automobile parking reductions. [Ord. 2017-03-009 § 35; Ord. 2010-10-057].